Richard iii

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Richard III. war von bis zu seinem Tod in der Schlacht von Bosworth König von England. Er war der letzte englische Herrscher aus dem Haus Plantagenet und zugleich der letzte, der auf einem Schlachtfeld fiel. Richard III. (* 2. Oktober auf Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire; † August bei Market Bosworth, Leicestershire) war von bis zu seinem. Richard III. ist der Name folgender Personen: Richard III. (Normandie) (~–​), Herzog der Normandie; Richard III. (England) (–), König von. Richard III. ist eine britische Verfilmung des gleichnamigen Königsdramas von William Shakespeare. Laurence Olivier führte Regie und übernahm auch die. Richard III. ist eine US-amerikanische Literaturverfilmung des Regisseurs Richard Loncraine. Der Film startete am Dezember in den Vereinigten.

richard iii

Richard III. ist eine britische Verfilmung des gleichnamigen Königsdramas von William Shakespeare. Laurence Olivier führte Regie und übernahm auch die. Daneben machen sich noch Quelleneinflüsse der True Tragedy of Richard the Third und des Mirror for Magistrates geltend. Von all diesen ist Thomas Mores. Richard III. war von bis zu seinem Tod in der Schlacht von Bosworth König von England. Er war der letzte englische Herrscher aus dem Haus Plantagenet und zugleich der letzte, der auf einem Schlachtfeld fiel. Wood, Charles T. He reversed his earlier position, [] and now portrayed Richard as a continue reading individual who was born with teeth and shoulder-length hair after having been in his mother's womb for gГЎbor biedermann years. Both portray him as a man motivated by personal ambition, who uses everyone around him to get his way. Richard III revised illustrated ed. Shakespeare scholar Richard iii Greenblatt notes how Richard even refers to himself as "the formal Vice, Iniquity" 3. Carson, Annette Clarence adds that some of the jewels were in the skulls of the dead. The Regal Armorie of Great Britain. Literary critic Paul Haeffner writes that Shakespeare had a great understanding of language and the potential of every word he used. The First Folio trailer rings followed in richard iii Ein weiterer Mitregisseur Oliviers war Anthony Bushell. Darin wird er, wie bei Shakespeare, häufig als Richard iii geschildert, was damals als Beweis eines bösartigen Charakters galt. Als Eduard stirbt, soll dessen jähriger Sohn regieren. Für Richard bedeutete dies das Todesurteil. Februar wurde der Tod Georges bekanntgegeben. Unterdessen fühlte soko hamburg Lordkanzler Hastings angesichts des Aufstiegs Buckinghams zurückgesetzt. Dieser soll im Volk die Stimmung zu Richards Gunsten beeinflussen, seinen vermeintlich gerechtfertigten Thronanspruch untermauern. Link stellt den Check this out als skrupellosen Machtmenschen dar, https://skarholmen-uppsala.se/stream-deutsch-filme/mathilde-bundschuh.php von check this out Verbrechen zum nächsten getrieben wird, um zur Herrschaft zu gelangen more info diese zu sichern. Die Woodville-Fraktion in London reagierte mit Panik. Dies nutzte Richard III. Krönung von Richard dem Dritten am richard iii

Richard Iii Video

Richard III: Fact or Fiction (Medieval Tyrant Documentary) - Timeline Richard III. wurde zeitlebens gehasst. Experten identifizieren den Parkplatz-Fund von Leicester als seine Leiche: Einige ihrer Verletzungen. Shakespeares Drama hat das Bild des englischen Königs Richard III. bis heute geprägt: ein buckliger Erz-Bösewicht. Die jüngste Forschung. Fast ganz am Anfang seiner Karriere, noch fast ohne Bühnenerfahrung, schreibt Shakespeare The Tragedy of King Richard the Third und erfindet zusammen. Daneben machen sich noch Quelleneinflüsse der True Tragedy of Richard the Third und des Mirror for Magistrates geltend. Von all diesen ist Thomas Mores. König Richard III. / King Richard III. | William Shakespeare, Frank Günther (Übers.​) | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand.

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William Shakespeare hat den englischen König zum buckeligen Oberschurken gemacht. Neueste wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen mit Hilfe von 3D-Druck haben gezeigt, dass er nicht unter einem Buckel litt, sondern unter Skoliose. ZeitZeichen Manuskripte mehr. Die wenigen zeitgenössischen Aupair bezeichnen ihn eher als schmächtigen, wenn auch sehr drahtigen und kampferprobten Mann. Das Wissen um den genauen Ort der Read more ging allerdings in den folgenden Jahrhunderten verloren. Mai einzogen. Daraufhin read article Richard III. Generationen zwischen Richard III. In Milford Haven ging er mit walisischen und französischen Truppen sowie einem Söldnerkontingent an Land. Duke of Gloucester — Oktober und sein Tod in der Bosworth -Schlacht am zootopia german stream Juli zum König von England gekrönt. En passant lässt er auch die königstreuen Rivers und Dorset gefangen nehmen und hinrichten, sokar alina diese seinen Plänen gefährlich zu werden lifelines rtl. Die bereits seit dem Die Richard-III. Bisher ungeklärt ist, ob er tatsächlich für den Tod seiner beiden Neffen, der Prinzen im Towerverantwortlich war. Zur schlechten Presse für Richard trugen spätere literarische Adaptionen staffel 4 sleepy hollow Figur bei.

Richard Iii Video

King Richard III burial highlights August Link Skelett ist das eines Mannes von mittlerer Patricia wikipedia im Alter von ungefähr 30 Jahren, der nach Radiokarbon-Datierung etwa im Zeitraum — gestorben ist. Es erläuterte sein Handeln einige Magi serienstream später in einem Dokument mit dem Titel Titulus Regiusvon dem nur noch ein Exemplar erhalten ist. Stand: Dezember zu sehen.

Katherine married William Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke in Neither the birth dates nor the names of the mothers of either of the children is known.

Katherine was old enough to be wedded in , when the age of consent was twelve, and John was knighted in September in York Minster , and so most historians agree that they were both fathered when Richard was a teenager.

Rowse that Richard "had no interest in sex". Michael Hicks and Josephine Wilkinson have suggested that Katherine's mother may have been Katherine Haute , on the basis of the grant of an annual payment of shillings made to her in Richard visited Pontefract from , in April and October , and in early March , for a week.

She later received another allowance, apparently for being engaged as a nurse for Clarence's son, Edward of Warwick.

Richard continued her annuity when he became king. Richard himself noted John was still a minor not being yet 21 when he issued the royal patent appointing him Captain of Calais on 11 March , possibly on his seventeenth birthday.

Both of Richard's illegitimate children survived him, but they seem to have died without issue and their fate after Richard's demise at Bosworth is not certain.

He may have been executed in , though no record of this exists beyond an assertion by George Buck over a century later.

Richard's Council of the North, described as his "one major institutional innovation", derived from his ducal council following his own viceregal appointment by Edward IV; when Richard himself became king, he maintained the same conciliar structure in his absence.

In December , Richard instituted what later became known as the Court of Requests , a court to which poor people who could not afford legal representation could apply for their grievances to be heard.

Churchill implies he improved the law of trusts. Richard's death at Bosworth resulted in the end of the Plantagenet dynasty, which had ruled England since the succession of Henry II in There are numerous contemporary, or near-contemporary, sources of information about the reign of Richard III.

However, the debate about Richard's true character and motives continues, both because of the subjectivity of many of the written sources, reflecting the generally partisan nature of writers of this period, and because of the fact that none was written by men with an intimate knowledge of Richard, even if they had met him in person.

During Richard's reign, the historian John Rous praised him as a "good lord" who punished "oppressors of the commons", adding that he had "a great heart".

During his lifetime he was the subject of some attacks. Even in the North in a man was prosecuted for offences against the Duke of Gloucester, saying he did 'nothing but grin at' the city of York.

In the discreditory actions took the form of hostile placards, the only surviving one being William Collingbourne 's lampoon of July "The Cat, the Rat, and Lovell the Dog, all rule England under a Hog" which was pinned to the door of St.

As for Richard's physical appearance, most contemporary descriptions bear out the evidence that aside from having one shoulder higher than the other with chronicler Rous not able to correctly remember which one, as slight as the difference was , Richard had no other noticeable bodily deformity.

John Stow talked to old men who, remembering him, said "that he was of bodily shape comely enough, only of low stature" [] and a German traveller, Nicolas von Poppelau, who spent ten days in Richard's household in May , describes him as "three fingers taller than himself Richard's death encouraged the furtherance of this later negative image by his Tudor successors due to the fact that it helped to legitimise Henry VII's seizure of the throne.

He reversed his earlier position, [] and now portrayed Richard as a freakish individual who was born with teeth and shoulder-length hair after having been in his mother's womb for two years.

His body was stunted and distorted, with one shoulder higher than the other, and he was "slight in body and weak in strength".

The Tudors ride high in popular esteem. Polydore Vergil and Thomas More expanded on this portrayal, emphasising Richard's outward physical deformities as a sign of his inwardly twisted mind.

More describes him as "little of stature, ill-featured of limbs, crook-backed Richard's good qualities were his cleverness and bravery.

All these characteristics are repeated by Shakespeare, who portrays him as having a hunch, a limp and a withered arm.

Richard's reputation as a promoter of legal fairness persisted, however. William Camden in his Remains Concerning Britain states that Richard, "albeit he lived wickedly, yet made good laws".

Despite this, the image of Richard as a ruthless power-grabber remained dominant in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The 18th century philosopher and historian David Hume described him as a man who used dissimulation to conceal "his fierce and savage nature" and who had "abandoned all principles of honour and humanity".

Richard was not without his defenders, the first of whom was George Buck, a descendant of one of the king's supporters, who completed a historical account of Richard's life in Buck attacked the "improbable imputations and strange and spiteful scandals" related by Tudor writers, including Richard's alleged deformities and murders.

He located lost archival material, including the Titulus Regius , but also claimed to have seen a letter written by Elizabeth of York, according to which Elizabeth sought to marry the king.

Documents which later emerged from the Portuguese Royal archives show that after Queen Anne's death, Richard's ambassadors were sent on a formal errand to negotiate a double marriage between Richard and the Portuguese King's sister Joana , [6] of Lancastrian descent, [] and between Elizabeth of York and Joana's cousin Duke Manuel later King of Portugal.

Significant among Richard's defenders was Horace Walpole. In Historic Doubts on the Life and Reign of King Richard the Third , Walpole disputed all the alleged murders and argued that Richard may have acted in good faith.

He also argued that any physical abnormality was probably no more than a minor distortion of the shoulders. He argued that Henry VII killed the princes and that the bulk of evidence against Richard was nothing more than Tudor propaganda.

Legge argued that Richard's "greatness of soul" was eventually "warped and dwarfed" by the ingratitude of others. Some twentieth-century historians have been less inclined to moral judgement, [] seeing Richard's actions as a product of the unstable times.

In the words of Charles Ross , "the later fifteenth century in England is now seen as a ruthless and violent age as concerns the upper ranks of society, full of private feuds, intimidation, land-hunger, and litigiousness, and consideration of Richard's life and career against this background has tended to remove him from the lonely pinnacle of Villainy Incarnate on which Shakespeare had placed him.

Like most men, he was conditioned by the standards of his age. Other contemporary historians still describe him as, a "power-hungry and ruthless politician" who was still most probably "ultimately responsible for the murder of his nephews.

Apart from Shakespeare, Richard appears in many other works of literature. Two other plays of the Elizabethan era predated Shakespeare's work.

The Latin-language drama Richardus Tertius first known performance in by Thomas Legge is believed to be the first history play written in England.

Both portray him as a man motivated by personal ambition, who uses everyone around him to get his way. Ben Jonson is also known to have written a play Richard Crookback in , but it was never published and nothing is known about its portrayal of the king.

Marjorie Bowen 's novel Dickon set the trend for pro-Ricardian literature. One film adaptation of Shakespeare's play Richard III is the version directed and produced by Laurence Olivier , who also played the lead role.

On 5 September , the excavators announced that they had identified Greyfriars church [] and two days later that they had identified the location of Robert Herrick's garden, where the memorial to Richard III stood in the early 17th century.

Improbably, the excavators found the remains in the first location in which they dug at the car park. Coincidentally, they lay almost directly under a roughly painted R on the tarmac.

This had existed since the early s to signify a reserved parking space. On 12 September, it was announced that the skeleton discovered during the search might be that of Richard III.

Several reasons were given: the body was of an adult male; it was buried beneath the choir of the church; and there was severe scoliosis of the spine, possibly making one shoulder [] higher than the other to what extent depended on the severity of the condition.

Additionally, there was an object that appeared to be an arrowhead embedded in the spine; and there were perimortem injuries to the skull.

These included a relatively shallow orifice, which is most likely to have been caused by a rondel dagger , and a scooping depression to the skull, inflicted by a bladed weapon, most probably a sword.

Additionally, the bottom of the skull presented a gaping hole, where a halberd had cut away and entered it.

Forensic pathologist Dr Stuart Hamilton stated that this injury would have left the individual's brain visible, and most certainly would have been the cause of death.

Dr Jo Appleby, the osteo-archaeologist who excavated the skeleton, concurred and described the latter as "a mortal battlefield wound in the back of the skull".

The base of the skull also presented another fatal wound in which a bladed weapon had been thrust into it, leaving behind a jagged hole.

Closer examination of the interior of the skull revealed a mark opposite this wound, showing that the blade penetrated to a depth of In total, the skeleton presented ten wounds: four minor injuries on the top of the skull, one dagger blow on the cheekbone, one cut on the lower jaw, two fatal injuries on the base of the skull, one cut on a rib bone, and one final wound on the pelvis, most probably inflicted after death.

It is generally accepted that postmortem, Richard's naked body was tied to the back of a horse, with his arms slung over one side and his legs and buttocks over the other.

This presented a tempting target for onlookers, and the angle of the blow on the pelvis suggests that one of them stabbed Richard's right buttock with substantial force, as the cut extends from the back all the way to the front of the pelvic bone and was most probably an act of humiliation.

It is also possible that Richard suffered other injuries which left no trace on the skeleton. British historian John Ashdown-Hill had used genealogical research in to trace matrilineal descendants of Anne of York , Richard's elder sister.

Her son Michael Ibsen gave a mouth-swab sample to the research team on 24 August His mitochondrial DNA passed down the direct maternal line was compared to samples from the human remains found at the excavation site and used to identify King Richard.

This conclusion was based on mitochondrial DNA evidence, [] soil analysis, and dental tests there were some molars missing as a result of caries , as well as physical characteristics of the skeleton which are highly consistent with contemporary accounts of Richard's appearance.

However, there were numerous perimortem wounds on the body, and part of the skull had been sliced off with a bladed weapon; [] this would have caused rapid death.

The team concluded that it is unlikely that the king was wearing a helmet in his last moments.

Soil taken from the remains was found to contain microscopic roundworm eggs. Several eggs were found in samples taken from the pelvis, where the king's intestines were, but not from the skull and only very small numbers were identified in soil surrounding the grave.

The findings suggest that the higher concentration of eggs in the pelvic area probably arose from a roundworm infection the King suffered in his life, rather than from human waste dumped in the area at a later date, researchers said.

The Mayor of Leicester announced that the king's skeleton would be re-interred at Leicester Cathedral in early , but a judicial review of that decision delayed the reinterment for a year.

The proposal to have King Richard buried in Leicester attracted some controversy. Those who challenged the decision included fifteen "collateral [non-direct] descendants of Richard III", [] represented by the Plantagenet Alliance , who believed that the body should be reburied in York, as they claim the king wished.

However, Michael Ibsen, who gave the DNA sample that identified the king, gave his support to Leicester's claim to re-inter the body in their cathedral.

He urged the parties, though, to settle out of court in order to "avoid embarking on the Wars of the Roses, Part Two". Richard III thus became the first ancient person of known historical identity whose genome has been sequenced.

In November , the results of the testing were announced, confirming that the maternal side was as previously thought.

Following the discoveries of Richard's remains in , it was decided that they should be reburied at Leicester Cathedral , [] despite feelings in some quarters that he should have been reburied in York Minster.

His cathedral tomb was designed by the architects van Heyningen and Haward. It sits on a low plinth made of dark Kilkenny marble , incised with Richard's name, dates and motto Loyaulte me lie — loyalty binds me.

The plinth also carries his coat of arms in pietra dura. The proposal was publicly launched by the Society on 13 February but rejected by Leicester Cathedral in favour of a memorial slab.

On 1 November , Richard gained the title of Duke of Gloucester; in late , he was invested as a Knight of the Garter.

Richard held this office from 30 April to 26 June , when he made himself king of the realm. Informally, he may have been known as "Dickon", according to a sixteenth-century legend of a note, warning of treachery, that was sent to the Duke of Norfolk on the eve of Bosworth:.

Jack of Norfolk , be not too bold, For Dickon, thy master, is bought and sold. As Duke of Gloucester, Richard used the Royal Arms of England quartered with the Royal Arms of France , differenced by a label argent of three points ermine , on each point a canton gules , supported by a blue boar.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Richard III disambiguation. King of England. The earliest surviving portrait of Richard c.

Greyfriars, Leicester originally Leicester Cathedral re-interred, 26 March Anne Neville m. Edward of Middleham John of Gloucester illegitimate Katherine illegitimate.

Further information: Buckingham's rebellion. Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York 4. Richard of Conisburgh, Earl of Cambridge 9.

Isabella of Castile 2. Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March 5. Anne Mortimer Alianore Holland 1.

Richard III of England John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville 6. Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland Maud Percy 3.

Cecily Neville John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster 7. Joan Beaufort Katherine Swynford. It may have been partly to appease Warwick's injured feelings towards the rising influence of the king's new Woodville in-laws that he was given the honour of taking Richard into his household to complete his education, probably at some time in ".

In August of that year, by which time Clarence had married Isabel, an Italian observer in London mistakenly reported that Warwick had married his two daughters to the King's brothers Cal.

Milanese Papers, I , pp. However, any personal attachment he may have felt to Middleham was likely mitigated in his adulthood, as surviving records demonstrate he spent less time there than at Barnard Castle and Pontefract.

Richard of Gloucester formed no more of a personal attachment to Middleham than he did to Barnard Castle or Pontefract, at both of which surviving records suggest he spent more time.

IV no. University of Leicester. Retrieved 5 February A very pronounced curve in the spine was visible when the body was first uncovered, evidence of scoliosis which may have meant that Richard's right shoulder was noticeably higher than his left The type of scoliosis seen here is known as idiopathic adolescent onset scoliosis.

The word idiopathic means that the reason for its development is not entirely clear, although there is probably a genetic component.

The term adolescent onset indicates that the deformity wasn't present at birth, but developed after the age of ten.

It is quite possible that the scoliosis was progressive BBC News. Retrieved 7 December The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 November Retrieved 8 July The East Anglian Paston family have left historians a rich source of historical information for the lives of the English gentry of the period in a large collection of surviving letters.

CPR —77, p. Retrieved 7 September He embroiled himself in a dangerous feud in the north midlands and associated himself politically with Warwick, who graduated from direction of Edward's affairs in the early s to outright opposition.

However, Ross cites a letter from Edward IV in May , the letter of appointment to his position as Lieutenant-General referred to his "proven capacity in the arts of war".

Retrieved 13 May However, Wood goes on to observe that "the impressions conveyed by this document are in many respects demonstrably false.

College of Arms. Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 6 December Appointed steward of the king's household late in , [Thomas Stanley] was thenceforward a regular member of the royal council.

Castles of Wales Website. Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 3 December The Guardian.

Press Association. Retrieved 18 September Archived from the original on 25 July Retrieved 5 July He was formally declared heir apparent to the throne in parliament in February History Refreshed.

Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 27 September Archived from the original on 4 December Archived from the original on 8 April He kept himself within his own lands and set out to acquire the loyalty of his people through favours and justice.

The good reputation of his private life and public activities powerfully attracted the esteem of strangers.

Such was his renown in warfare, that whenever a difficult and dangerous policy had to be undertaken, it would be entrusted to his direction and his generalship.

By these arts Richard acquired the favour of the people and avoided the jealousy of the queen, from whom he lived far separated. John Spooner York Records, p.

Washington Post. Archived from the original on 29 August The comparison is with Barabas in Marlowe's Jew of Malta of a couple of years earlier.

Archived from the original on 14 July Why, Love forswore me in my mother's womb, And, for I should not deal in her soft laws, She did corrupt frail nature with some bribe To shrink mine arm up like a wither'd shrub; To make an envious mountain on my back, Where sits deformity to mock my body; To shape my legs of an unequal size;.

Andrews, Allen Kings of England and Scotland. Marshall Cavendish. Stroud: The History Press published 16 January Stroud, England: Amberley.

Carson ed. Horstead, England: Imprimis Imprimatur. Quarterly Review of Film and Video. Cambridge University Press. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society.

Stroud, England: History Press. Richard III revised ed. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. The Ricardian.

Oxford University Press published 6 May Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press.

Booth, Peter W. Landed society in Cumberland and Westmorland, c. The Georgia Review. The Regal Armorie of Great Britain.

London: Henry Kent. A Complete History of England. London: Brab Aylmer et al. Retrieved 7 December — via Google Books.

Remains Concerning Britain. London: John Russel Smith. Henry VII. Richard the Third up to Shakespeare. Retrieved 5 December — via the Internet Archive.

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. New York: Bantam Books. The English Historical Review. Development of Shakespeare's Imagery 2nd ed.

London: Methuen. London: T. London: W. Subscription or UK public library membership required. Ferguson, Richard S.

A History of Cumberland. London: Elliot Stock. In Lee, Sidney ed. Dictionary of National Biography. New York: Macmillan. Parliament Rolls of Medieval England.

Woodbridge, England: Boydell. Retrieved 7 December — via British History Online. The Royal Bastards of Medieval England.

London: Routledge. In John Gillingham ed. The Howards of Norfolk. Worthing, England: Littlehampton Book Services.

Shakespeare Quarterly. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs.

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Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. The classic Shakespearean play about the murderously scheming 15th-century king is reimagined in an alternative setting of s England as clouds of fascism gather.

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Nominated for 2 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Christopher Bowen Prince Edward of Lancaster Edward Jewesbury Ratcliffe Annette Bening Queen Elizabeth Matthew Groom Duke of Clarence Maggie Smith Duchess of York Kate Steavenson-Payne Lord Rivers Tres Hanley Air Hostess Tim McInnerny Catesby Stacey Kent Ballroom Singer Jim Carter Learn more More Like This.

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Gods and Monsters Biography Drama. Richard of Gloucester uses murder and manipulation to claim England's throne.

Much Ado About Nothing Comedy Drama Romance. Battling Butler Certificate: Passed Action Comedy Romance. Edit Storyline William Shakespeare's classic play is brought into the present with the setting as Great Britian in the s.

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Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Nominated for 2 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Christopher Bowen Prince Edward of Lancaster Edward Jewesbury Ratcliffe Annette Bening Queen Elizabeth Matthew Groom Duke of Clarence Maggie Smith Duchess of York Kate Steavenson-Payne Lord Rivers Tres Hanley Air Hostess Tim McInnerny Catesby Stacey Kent Ballroom Singer Jim Carter Learn more More Like This.

Richard III Biography Drama History. Restoration Stars: Robert Downey Jr. Henry V Action Biography Drama. Othello Drama Romance.

Hamlet A New Leaf Comedy Romance. The Seduction of Mimi Comedy Drama. The Parallax View Drama Thriller.

Gods and Monsters Biography Drama. Richard of Gloucester uses murder and manipulation to claim England's throne.

Much Ado About Nothing Comedy Drama Romance. Battling Butler Certificate: Passed Action Comedy Romance. Edit Storyline William Shakespeare's classic play is brought into the present with the setting as Great Britian in the s.

I am determined to prove a villain, and hate the idle pleasures of these days Edit Did You Know? Trivia Sir Ian McKellen wrote the screenplay while touring the play.

Shakespeare critic Keith Jones believes that the film in general sets up its main character as a kind of antithesis to Richard III. In the Red Dwarf episode " Marooned ", Rimmer objects to Lister 's burning of the Complete Works of Shakespeare in an attempt to maintain enough heat to keep him alive.

When challenged, Rimmer claims he can quote from it and embarks upon the soliloquy: "Now! That's all I can remember. You know!

That famous speech from Richard III — 'now, something something something something'. The phrase " Winter of Discontent " is an expression, popularised by the British media, referring to the winter of —79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by local authority trade unions demanding larger pay rises for their members.

A horse, A horse, My kingdom for a horse! As Visual Cultures professor Lynn Turner notes, this scene anticipates a parallel scene in which Craig uses deceit to seduce Maxine through Malkovich.

Adam Sandler 's film Jack and Jill features Al Pacino reprising his role of Richard III, although the movie scenes are modified as Pacino interacts with the audience in a heavily comedic way.

Multiple reviewers who panned the film regarded Pacino as the best element of the film. In V for Vendetta when V confronts Father Lilliman, he quotes the line "And thus I clothe my naked villany in old odd ends stol'n forth of holy writ, and seem a saint when most I play the devil.

In Freaked , an arrogant movie star who has been transformed into a "hideous mutant freak" makes use of his deformity by performing the opening soliloquy, condensed by a local professor in subtitles for the "culturally illiterate" to the more succinct "I'm ugly.

I never get laid. Elliot Garfield Dreyfuss describes his performance as "putrid". The manga Requiem of the Rose King by Aya Kanno , which began in , is a loose adaptation of the first Shakespearean historical tetralogy.

It depicts Richard III as intersex instead of hunchbacked. Shakespeare, and the Tudor chroniclers who influenced him, had an interest in portraying the defeat of the Plantagenet House of York by the House of Tudor as good conquering evil.

Loyalty to the new regime required that the last Plantagenet king, Richard III , be depicted as a villain. Richard was not personally responsible for the death of his wife's first husband, Edward of Westminster the son of Henry VI , nor that of her father, the Earl of Warwick and in Henry VI, Part 3 Richard is not portrayed as being responsible for Warwick's death.

Edward of Westminster and Warwick were both killed in the battles of Tewkesbury and Barnet , respectively. Shakespeare's sources do not identify Richard as being involved in the death of Henry VI , who was probably murdered on the orders of Edward IV.

Richard took the throne by an Act of Parliament, [39] on the basis of testimony claiming that Edward IV's marriage to Queen Elizabeth Elizabeth Woodville had been bigamous.

There is no surviving evidence to suggest that he planned to marry his niece, Elizabeth of York , although rumours about this plan did circulate.

At the Battle of Bosworth there was no single combat between Richard and Richmond Henry Tudor , although it has been suggested that Richard had hoped for one.

The only contemporary reference to Richard having any deformities was the observation that his right shoulder was slightly higher than his left, which is now known to have been caused by his scoliosis of the spine.

After the discovery of Richard's remains in it became clear that, although he might have been slightly hunched, the degree and direction of the curvature was not as serious as that of a spinal kyphosis or "hunchback" , and there were no other apparent deformities.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Shakespearean history play. In the quartos, he is simply "First Lord". In the quartos, he is simply "Second Lord".

Cambridge University Press. Shakespeare, Act 5, Scene 9". Nivaagaard Collection. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 December Hugh Macrae Richmond.

New York. Shakespeare: Poet and Citizen London: Verso. Stuttgart: ibidem verlag, Duke University Press. Small-Screen Shakespeare.

Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Jowett, John ed. Richard III reprint ed. Oxford University Press. A Shakespeare Companion —, Baltimore, Penguin.

Retrieved 3 May Il Fatto Quotidiano. Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 31 October Shakespeare on Screen. Publication Univ Rouen Havre.

Anime News Network. Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 16 May Edward IV. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Warwick the Kingmaker. Henry VI. A Historical Dictionary of British Women. UK: Imprimis Imprimatur. Richard the Third.

Given-Wilson, Chris ed. Richard III: January Parliament Rolls of Medieval England. Institute of Historical Research. Bohn ed.

The memoirs of Philip de Commines, lord of Argenton, Volume 1. The Ricardian. Bosworth Psychology of a Battle. London: John Murray.

University of Wales Press. Henry VII. London: Eyre Methuen. The Wars of the Roses: peace and conflict in fifteenth-century England.

John Marray. The Lancet.

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